Building regulations for stairs in the UK are designed to ensure that stairs are safe and accessible for all users. These regulations apply to all types of stairs, including residential, commercial, and public buildings.
I think you are willing to learn about the building regulations for stairs. Well today, I’ve explained everything with complete calculation. So, keep reading till the end and learn everything in detail.
A Brief of Building Regulations for Stairs
Building regulations are the standards and requirements that one must follow when designing, constructing, and maintaining buildings. The constructors must follow it in order to ensure the safety and well-being of the people who use them. These regulations apply to all aspects of building design and construction, including the design and construction of stairs.
Stair building regulations are designed to ensure that stairs are safe and accessible for all users, including people with disabilities. These regulations cover a wide range of issues, including the width, height, and slope of stairs, the size and spacing of risers and treads, the size and placement of handrails, and the provision of lighting and other safety features.
In addition to these general regulations, there may be specific requirements for different types of buildings or locations, such as residential buildings, commercial buildings, and public spaces. Building regulations are typically set by government agencies and enforced by local building departments or other regulatory bodies.
What are Building Regulations for Stairs UK?
Now we’re the main segment of this article – what are the building regulations for stairs? Here are some key regulations to consider when building stairs in the UK:
Right now, there are no certain rules for stair width. The main stairs should have a width of 860mm and the secondary one should have a width of 600 mm. This ensures that people can comfortably use the stairs without feeling cramped or crowded.
Stairs must have a minimum headroom of 2m (6 feet 6 inches) from the pitch line of the stairs. This ensures that people have enough space to comfortably walk up and down the stairs without hitting their heads.
The minimum height of the riser (the vertical part of a step) should be 150mm (5.9 inches) and the maximum height of a riser is 220mm (8.66 inches). This ensures that people can easily lift their feet when walking up and down the stairs.
Going (tread) depth
The minimum going (the horizontal part of a step) depth is 220mm (8.66 inches). And the maximum height is 320mm (12.5 inches). This ensures that people have enough space to comfortably place their feet on the steps.
There are also building regulations for stair handrails. Stairs must have handrails on both sides if they are wider than 1m (3 feet 3 inches). Handrails must be between 900mm and 1000mm (35.5 inches and 39.4 inches) above the pitch line of the stairs. This ensures that people have something to hold onto for balance when using the stairs.
The nosing (the edge of the step that sticks out) must be slip-resistant and have a minimum depth of 25mm (1 inch). This ensures that people do not slip on the stairs.
In the United Kingdom, the pitch angle of a stair, also known as the inclination angle or slope angle. The range of it is 30 and 50 degrees.
- Private Staircase (Domestic) – Max 42°
- General Access (Semi-Public) – Min 33° Maximum.
- Utility (Public) – Min 38°
There must be a landing (a flat area at the top and bottom of the stairs) at the top and bottom of the stairs. The minimum width of a landing is the same as the width of the stairs, and the minimum length is the same as the width of the stairs plus the width of the door. This ensures that people have enough space to turn around at the top and bottom of the stairs.
Stairs must be well-lit to ensure that people can see where they are going. This can be achieved through the use of natural light, artificial light, or a combination of both.
Stairs must be made of materials that are suitable for their intended use. For example, stairs in a residential building may be made of wood, while stairs in a commercial building may be made of concrete or steel.
Overall, building regulations for stairs in the UK are designed to ensure that stairs are safe and accessible for all users. By following these regulations, builders can create stairs that are functional and meet the needs of the people who use them.
One last tip. Building regulations for stairs can change from time to time. So, it will be always better to get up to date and cross-check the rules from your regional local authority building development center.
Does a new staircase require building regulations?
In most cases, building a new staircase will require building regulations approval. Building regulations are national standards that apply to the construction, alteration, and extension of buildings in the UK. They ensure to design and construct of the building in a safe and efficient manner.
Building regulations apply to most types of construction work, including the construction of new buildings, extensions, and alterations to existing buildings. They cover a wide range of issues, including structural stability, fire safety, energy efficiency, and accessibility.
If you are planning to build a new staircase, you will need to obtain building regulations approval before starting the work. This typically involves submitting plans and specifications for the staircase to your local building control body, which will review the plans and ensure that they meet the relevant building regulations.
It is important to note that building regulations apply to both domestic and commercial properties, and that failure to obtain building regulations approval can result in enforcement action being taken by the local authority.
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